Thank you to our community! We are honored to be a top-three finalist for Best Accounting Firm in the Northern Nevada Business Weekly’s Best in Business awards!
We are honored to be a top 10 finalist in the Accounting Firm category of the Best in Business awards by the Northern Nevada Business Weekly! Thank you to our community for your support and acknowledgment.
Congratulations to Managing Director, Leslie Daane, on her nomination in the category of Leaders to Know in this year’s NNBW Best in Business award. We are also so honored to have been nominated in the category of Accounting Firm. Thank you Reno for your support and acknowledgement. Please read more about Leslie and our firm, and cast your vote below.
Read about Leslie here: https://www.nnbw.com/bestinbusiness2020/#/gallery/247938039?group=354547
Read about our firm here: https://www.nnbw.com/bestinbusiness2020/#/gallery/247924419?group=354549
RENO, Nev. — Barnard Vogler & Co. announced Aug. 13 Teela McCullar, CPA, Director, has been awarded the Professional Achievement Award by the Nevada Alumni Association at the University of Nevada, Reno.
Each year, the Nevada Alumni Association honors outstanding alumni who have demonstrated remarkable professional achievement and dedication to their community and the University.
The Professional Achievement Award is presented to those alumni exhibiting an outstanding record of career accomplishments. McCullar was named as a 2020 Professional Achievement Award winner, alongside four fellow alums.
McCullar joined Barnard Vogler in 2005 and became a director in 2014 and shareholder in 2016. She has over 15 years of public accounting experience. She provides tax services to businesses, high net worth individuals and trusts.
McCullar serves as principal on audit engagements for nonprofits, businesses and financial institutions. She also provides accounting and CFO solutions to various clients, including medical and dental providers.
She is a member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and Nevada Society of Certified Public Accountants. She serves on the Board of the Nevada Society of Certified Public Accountants and is Chair of the City of Reno’s Financial Advisory Board. She has provided various financial literacy presentations to students in the community.
McCullar received her B.S. degree in accounting and her master’s degree in accountancy from UNR. She is a graduate of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants Leadership Academy and the Chamber of Commerce’s Leadership Reno-Sparks program.
With the entire country facing historic economic and social challenges, how small businesses will endure these obstacles must be carefully considered. That is one of the many reasons why the United States government passed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act, also known as the CARES Act on March 27, 2020. This act provided $2 trillion in economic relief towards Americans with over $500 billion going towards the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP). This program is managed by the U.S. Small Business Administration and dedicated to providing funds to small businesses to cover payroll, employee benefits, and overhead costs during these unprecedented times.
However, when any new major law is implemented there will always be some confusion about it and the CARES Act is no exception. This sense of uncertainty has been made worse by the fact that the rules and criteria governing PPP loans have constantly been changed and modified, such as when the Paycheck Protection Program Flexibility Act was passed. One of the biggest sources of continued incertitude comes from a lack of clarity in what is tax-deductible with PPP loans. That’s why we have created this simple guide to explain what is deductible and what is not regarding PPP loans.
In layman terms, a PPP loan can be fully tax-exempt if all qualifications needed for forgiveness status are met. Be aware that with how the law is currently written, you cannot take a business deduction on your tax return for the expenses paid for by the PPP loan. This could change with a revision to the law.
Criteria Needed for Full Forgiven Status
Note that there are many nuances to the above points so even if someone doesn’t qualify for full forgiveness, partial forgiveness can still be achieved.
As of July 1, 2020, the United States Senate requested an extension of the PPP deadline to August 8, 2020. The program was positioned to stop taking applications on June 30, 2020, with more than $130 billion left unfunded to small businesses. To date, more than $500 billion has been distributed to 4.8 million businesses.
PPP loans can be an incredible resource to help small businesses that are suffering from the effects of Covid-19. Barnard, Vogler, and Co., is aware that it can be a lifeline for the livelihoods of many Americans. We are also aware that the laws and regulations regarding PPP loans are complex and sometimes difficult to understand. Please contact us here if you need more information about PPP loans: http://bvcocpas.com/contact-us/
Arvedlund, E. (2020, June 8). Congress updates PPP loan rules, making them more business-friendly. https://www.inquirer.com. https://www.inquirer.com/news/ppp-ppfa-congress-trump-coronavirus-loans-small-business-administration-sba-20200608.html.
The CARES Act Provides Assistance to Small Businesses. U.S. Department of the Treasury. (2020, June 16). https://home.treasury.gov/policy-issues/cares/assistance-for-small-businesses.
The CARES Act Works for All Americans. U.S. Department of the Treasury. (2020, June 16). https://home.treasury.gov/policy-issues/cares.
Hare, N. (2020, June 25). SBA Issues New PPP Loan Guidance: What You Need To Know And FAQs. https://www.forbes.com/sites/allbusiness/2020/06/25/sba-issues-new-ppp-loan-guidance/.
Ludwig, S. (2020, May 21). Tax Implications of PPP Loans. https://www.uschamber.com/co. https://www.uschamber.com/co/run/finance/tax-implications-of-paycheck-protection-loans.
Paycheck Protection Program. U.S. Small Business Administration. https://www.sba.gov/funding-programs/loans/coronavirus-relief-options/paycheck-protection-program.
By: Teela McCullar
The Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) is a loan designed to provide a direct incentive for small businesses to keep their workers on the payroll. Congress created the PPP as part of the $2 trillion Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, that was signed into law in March 2020. The legislation authorized the Treasury to use the SBA’s 7(a) small business lending program to fund forgivable loans of up to $10 million per borrower that qualifying businesses could spend to cover payroll, mortgage interest, rent, and utilities.
According to the Treasury Department Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) Information Sheet, “loan amounts will be forgiven as long as the loan proceeds are used to cover payroll costs, and most mortgage interest, rent, and utility costs over the 8-week or 24-week period after the loan is made. With some exceptions, the loan amount is based on your average monthly payroll cost for 2019. You can receive 2.5 times that amount to help cover payroll. The funds from the PPP can be used for the following purposes:
It is recommended to track your eligible payroll and non-payroll costs as you incur them. To maximize loan forgiveness, the key will be properly tracking costs. While tracking restricted funds is not new to many nonprofit organizations who often receive funds restricted by time, purpose, or amount – this concept may be new to for-profit businesses.
Below are a few suggested practices for recording Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) funds and expenses to ensure your company will avoid future challenges.
How to Record
A liability account should be created when recording the loan onto your books. Some banks require keeping the money you receive in a separate bank account, while others are discouraging it. If your bank does not require separating the money, consider depositing the funds into a savings account from which you can transfer the funds to your main checking account as the loan dollars are spent. This allows for easier tracking of the qualifying disbursements. While a separate account will assist you with tracking how much of funds are used, it is also important to track how funds are used. This may be difficult when using the bank account alone, given the limited level of detail that can accompany the transactions.
Create General Ledger Accounts
Consider creating sub general ledger expense accounts within your accounting system specific to the Paycheck Protection Program funds and utilization. The benefit of a general ledger sub-account is that it maintains all documentation in your accounting system and reduces the possibility of manual errors.
Utilize a Manual Spreadsheet
To track funds using a spreadsheet, enter your loan proceeds balance and subtract each qualifying disbursement. Be sure to include details about the disbursements in the spreadsheet, so that you are tracking both how and how much of the funds are being used.
While manual entry and tracking is time-consuming and potentially inefficient, the benefit of using a spreadsheet is that as more guidance is provided, you can make adjustments easily, adding or deleting expenses. There is also no limit of the amount of information you can include in a spreadsheet, allowing you to keep as much detail as you want regarding the expenses. You can also use a formula to track how much of your fund utilization is for payroll and how much to cover non-payroll costs.
On the surface, the guidelines for obtaining full forgiveness from your lender are straightforward. However, due to the everchanging information and instructions continuously being announced, it’s imperative to track your expenses to ensure your PPP loan will be forgiven.
If you have any questions regarding the PPP, tracking expenses or general accounting questions, please call the professionals of Barnard Vogler & Co., at 775.786.6141 or visit our contact form on our website, http://bvcocpas.com/contact-us/.
Managing Director Leslie Daane was featured in Nevada Business Magazine CPA Industry Focus. Read the full feature below.
With over twenty-five years of public accounting experience, Leslie has provided a full range of audit, tax, and consulting services to a wide variety of clients. She is the Managing Director and the Director of Tax Services. Throughout her career, Leslie has worked with small and mid-sized privately held companies and their owners in all aspects from the start-up phase to the sale of the business. Learn more about Leslie here.
In addition, Leslie works with trustees and beneficiaries to assist in conflict resolution.
Accountants are among the most respected professionals in Nevada for their expertise and steady guidance. As businesses face turbulent times, this industry is working hard to stay on top of changing tax laws and implications for businesses with some of the new grants and loans available. Recently, CPA executives from across the state came together for a virtual roundtable hosted by Nevada Business Magazine and sponsored by City National Bank. At the roundtable they discussed everything from staffing challenges to advising their clients.
Connie Brennan, publisher and CEO of the magazine, served as moderator for the virtual event. The magazine’s monthly roundtables bring together industry leaders to discuss relevant issues and solutions.
Alisha McClellan: Our challenge really is supporting our people through these uncertain times. We have team members that have real and true challenges related to the pandemic. They have spouses that have become unemployed. Being able to provide staff with the support they need so they can continue to effectively service clients while we are in a remote environment is our current biggest challenge.
Daniel Gerety: Getting high level people that can handle the complexities of tax law, and help plan for our clients, especially with all of the changes that are happening so quickly [is challenging]. And, I’m finding planning for the future [to be difficult]. We probably have a third of our people working from home. What will our employees expect going forward? How do we design offices for the future? I don’t know, we’re trying to guess what it will be like.
Jessica Sayles: Part of the challenge we’re having in staffing is that the rapidly changing environment is moving from a compliance and commodity base to consulting analytics. I see it in the changes that are being made to the CPA exam. But, the skill set students are learning in college, the debit and credits of accounting, are no longer matching up to the needs of our clients. It’s difficult to find people who don’t have experience in reviewing business processes and technology, who have only dealt with compliance and strictly financial reporting, to understand the real needs clients have now. They don’t need a traditional CPA anymore. Some still do but, for the most part, they need CPAs who can integrate technology and rapidly changing economics to their businesses. There is a big gap in what students are coming out of college with and what we really need from them.
Curt Anderson: Basic, bookkeeping type accountants is not who we want. We are all trying to find intellectually inquisitive staff that want to expand their capabilities. That is not easy. We’ve found a pretty good compliment of people who think beyond paperwork and compliance activities, but we’ve had to train them into doing that. They don’t come out of school, or even come with one or two years of experience elsewhere, thinking that way. We spend a lot of time trying to get them to look beyond the paperwork and address what the client really needs. They’re not teaching that in school. It’s a grinding process to find the right mind set so we can train them.
Glenn Goodnough: Technical skills are important but business and leadership skills are critical to communicate that it’s not just completing a superior bank reconciliation that makes you successful as a CPA. Acquiring and retaining top talent is always a business imperative. We have found that the best way to do that is to get them as interns, identify talent and bring them in. We have more control over having a good internship program, identifying talent and growing our own, so to speak.
Mark Bailey: It’s critical you try to meet the needs of the staff. As accountants, we have a tendency to stick to three to five disciplines and try to put them in a box. For all of us to be successful, especially from a retention standpoint, we have to do things we enjoy doing. Sometimes it’s difficult to help that person and find what they really have a passion for. If they have a passion for [their work], they’ll do a good job, they’ll commit to it and be successful. If they don’t have a passion for it, they will go someplace else or not be happy in that job. It is really critical that we help them find that passion.
Leslie Daane: [We try] to grow our own and build a culture where people want to stay in public [accounting]. I think public’s gotten a bad rap for the hours and time people have to devote to it. I grew up in public and felt it was something that was actually very flexible. Providing flexibility to younger people that are having families has helped the retention piece. It’s a balance between trying to have the right culture. I think young people are actually very eager to come in and show their stuff and work with clients.
Anderson: Fundamentally, it seems like clients want someone that they can talk with and ask, “What are my options, what should I do?” I don’t think that’s changed in 50 years of public accounting. The means by which we get information to help them make these decisions is important. But, at some point in time, this comes down to people looking at each other saying, “We have a problem here or an opportunity here, what can we do?” From an old school standpoint, I just see that being the same with different methods of getting that information together to be effective.
Goodnough: Intellectual capital is always imperative, but at the end of the day we are in the people business.
Anna Durst: We’re always ranked statistically as either first or second as the most respected profession. Clients respect their personal advisor because it is a people business. That’s why it is so important to have relationships. From what I’ve seen between our members and clients, the people you deal with day-to-day know who you are and respect you. That relationship is very valuable to them and they respect it.
Daane: With the pandemic going on right now, clients are needing our help more and more and reaching out to us. That in itself has shown the importance of what CPAs can do for their clients.
Gerety: A lot of the calls [we’re getting] are on the PPP right now. [People are wondering] how much will be forgiven. They want us to start running computations to see what they need to do, and what percent of that PPP loan will be forgiven. Most of our clients have received those loans and their applications have been successful. Now it’s figuring out what’s coming next. We really don’t know, it’s a hot topic.
Sayles: I agree, the majority of the CARES Act calls I get are related to the PPP program. The advice I give clients is to make good business decisions, don’t make loan forgiveness decisions. If you can’t live with the decisions you made as a business, don’t do it just for loan forgiveness. This loan has taught us that [things are] changing, sometimes hour by hour. If you were to make a rash decision today, you may be regretting that as a business decision. I have to remind my clients that they are first and foremost business owners. Any decision you make should be beneficial and relevant to your business regardless of loan forgiveness and if you get that it’s a perk. We can strategize how to align those two ideas but number one, make a business decision.
Bruce Ford: This is evolving so quickly, even on the banker’s side. We get information from the SBA (Small Business Administration) constantly, and there’s more coming from Congress. It sounds like you guys are giving the right advice. We advise our clients to talk to their CPAs, their attorneys and go to the SBA website because it’s ever evolving and changing quickly.
Durst: My role in all of this is not to advise clients but to rather help my CPA members get clarity so they can help their clients. I try to do some homework for them when possible, so they don’t spend the time doing the research, but instead advise their clients. I’m involved on legislative and planning calls, determining the issues that need to be clarified. Unfortunately, there is so much political play in this, there’s little things in the bills that one side or the other doesn’t care for that could cause the entire bill to be unaddressed. They could just choose not to take something up as opposed to trying to negotiate. I keep telling people to wait to throw out the paperwork, advise about good business decisions and start planning. As CPAs, we like to get things done timely when possible, and not wait until the very last second. Right now, the advice I’m getting is actually to wait to apply for the loan forgiveness because it could change from 8 to 24 weeks. The percentages could change, and you don’t want to help your client do that whole application just to have it be negated and have to start all over again.
Chris Wilcox: You hit the nail on the head of what business owners are frustrated about. They can’t plan. They call and ask us what to do and we don’t have an answer, then we tell them wait two weeks. Well two weeks is beyond their eight-week period and so they don’t know how to plan. In many ways the PPP was a great program, it has been a great blessing in a lot of businesses’ lives, but in a lot of ways it’s really caused some challenges for them. They simply don’t know how to plan for the future. We don’t know what the rules are yet.
Durst: From a state level, since we don’t have income tax, we have to look at other state taxes that may be increased or even created. We may see sales tax on services, a modified business tax created to pay for things we need, or we may have other taxes. Our state is going to be operating at a deficit since we rely so much on gaming and mining taxes.
Daane: One of the challenges we’ve had for years on end is, a lot of law changes don’t happen until the ninth hour of the year. We’re having difficulties trying to do really effective planning with clients because we don’t know what the law’s going to be until almost December 31st.
Sayles: And now so many laws that did change two years ago have been retroactively put back with the CARES Act. We’re going back in and doing changes that we changed already two years ago. There’s a lot for businesses to consider.
Anderson: It’s going to be a couple of years before they really start trying to muddle with the tax laws because there’s such an impact on business right now. Politically, that’s going to be very difficult. They have modified some changes to allow more flexibility. It’s going to be coming, but I don’t think it’s going to happen in the next two years.
Bailey: At the state level, I’m a bit more concerned because we don’t have an income tax. I am fearful that government will impose additional taxes at some level. We have a very desirable economic climate here in Nevada and we certainly don’t want to follow in the footsteps of some of the other states that are heavily taxed. That concerns me a great deal.
McClellan: Where we’re seeing technology being leveraged is data mining for opportunities in some of those tax law changes that have come out with the CARES Act. [Technology provides] opportunities to automatically identify clients that would be eligible tax planning opportunities. That’s where we are seeing some positive impacts from technology.
Wilcox: Technology is streamlining a lot of lower end work that we used to have brand new staff do. Now, we’re asking staff to do work that I didn’t get to do until I was maybe a second-year person. So, our staff are growing professionally significantly faster today than they were five years ago. We’re asking them to learn new things. We have some staff that are going into data analytics to learn so we can provide new services. There are some real positives CPAs need to be prepared to take advantage of because that accounting function is going to continue to be more and more streamlined than it has been in the past. That brings a lot of opportunities.
Bailey: For us there’s been more of a shift to consulting. Of course, we do business evaluation and forensics, but we don’t have that lower level work that we do anymore. Things like Intuit and Quickbooks are giving us quality documentation from clients that we didn’t use to have. We now have flexibility to do more at the higher level. That is good for staff retention as well. Technology has helped us immensely. Even being able to work remotely has been a blessing for our profession. That’s not something we could have done too many years ago.
McClellan: Emotional decision making is the number one mistake I am seeing clients make and it’s tough for them not to do that. For a lot of them, their business is who they are, it is what they have done, and it is their livelihood; it is everything to them. [I advise them to] take a deep breath and make decisions that make sense from a long-term business preservation perspective.
Wilcox: It is easy for me to identify the most value I bring to a client and that is when I have the opportunity to sit across the table, or Zoom, with a client. Clients that call us, talk to us and bounce things off of us, that’s when we’re most valuable to them. Even if we don’t have an answer, sometimes we can ask the right questions and they find their own answer. Clients that give us an opportunity to weigh in, we can bring a lot of value to them. The ones we don’t get a chance to talk to are the ones that miss out.
Goodnough: You know to Chris’ point, as executives we like to grab issues by the vest and deal with them and make a decision and be done. The difference with all of this is that it’s just not over. It continues, and there are additional chapters. You have to stay engaged and keep good communication with your CPA, with your banker and with all of the relevant parties.
Sometimes it’s not easy to know whether to use a standard or itemized deduction for your personal Federal income taxes. We’ll break it down for you!
A standard deduction is an amount (indexed annually for inflation) of income not subject to federal taxation. It reduces taxable income. The alternative to taking the standard deduction is itemizing deductions on Schedule A. The Tax Cut Jobs Act (TCJA) of 2017 substantially increased the amount of the standard deduction, reducing the number of taxpayers who can benefit from itemizing. The chart below shows the standard deduction for different filing statuses for 2020. irs-provides-tax-inflation-adjustments-for-tax-year-2020:
FILING STATUS STANDARD DEDUCTION STANDARD DEDUCTION (If 65 Years or Older)
Single / Married, Filing Separately (MFS) $12,400 $14,050
Head of Household $18,650 $20,300
Married, Filing Jointly (MFJ) $24,800 $26,100 if one spouse is 65+ $27,400 if both spouses are 65+
Surviving Spouse $24,800 $26,100
The 2017 Tax Reform limits home mortgage interest deduction to interest on the first $750,000 in loans for homes purchased after December 15, 2017. The limitation is up to $1,000,000 in loans if the home was acquired on or before December 15, 2017. Both limits are halved for married filing separately. Interest from a home-equity loan used to purchase, build, or substantially improve the home is also qualified up to the above limits in aggregate.
Investment interest paid (on borrowed money) allocable to property held for investment is deductible. This deduction is limited to net taxable investment income for the year; any excess gets carried over to future years. This excludes interest allocable to securities or passive activities used to generate tax-exempt income.
Points on a main home/primary residence are deductible in the year the home is acquired or ratably over the life of the loan. Other restrictions apply.
4. For 2018 (retroactively) and 2019, qualified mortgage Insurance premiums is deductible if a taxpayer’s AGI is at or below $109,000 ($54,500 for married filing separately).
5. Out-of-pocket medical and dental expenses such as insurance premiums, prescription drugs, eyeglasses, etc. for tax years 2019 and 2020 that exceed 7.5% of the taxpayer’s AGI are deductible. This is a difficult threshold to meet, but if you have incurred major out of pocket medical expenses, it could be the deciding factor that tips you over to using itemized deductions.
The information above does not constitute tax advice. It is intended for information only. If you have any questions, please consult with our office at 775-786-6141 or E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
by Nhit Hernandez email@example.com
The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, signed into law in March 2020, provides financial relief to individuals, businesses, state and local governments during the COVID-19 health crisis. Below are some of the provisions related to businesses and self-employed individuals. Consult with your local banker and check SBA.GOV for updates on funding options.
The $349 billion appropriated to the PPP was depleted within the first two weeks. Congress passed a bill on April 23, 2020 for an additional $320 billion infusion.
i. Forgiveness is based on employee retention or rehiring and maintaining salary levels similar to prior periods.
i. A business is disqualified if it has received the PPP loan. Self-employed persons are also not eligible.
i. Employers can claim up to $5,000 of credit per employee.
ii. Businesses with 100 or fewer employees can claim wages paid to working or non-working employees. Employers with more than 100 employees can claim the tax credit for wages paid to employees currently not working.
We are now open to the public. Appointments must be made in advance of coming to the office. We will be following all sanitizing and social distancing protocols, and request that all visitors wear facial coverings.
As you are aware, in the past weeks, Governor Sisolak has implemented measures to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 (Coronavirus). In doing our part to keep our clients, employees, and community safe, we have implemented the following:
As of March 18, 2020, the majority of our workforce will be working remotely through at least May 15, 2020.
We will have limited staff coverage in our office and limited hours. Please call or email us to schedule a time to drop off any documents or pick-up any completed paper returns you have requested. This will be subject to change if our building closes or we no longer have anyone working in the office.
While we will be working during this time, we expect a delay from our normal tax season schedule in getting all returns completed and filed due to the changeover in our work environment and additional challenges as a result of the coronavirus pandemic.
The IRS has automatically extended the due date for filing of most 2019 income tax returns due through June 15, 2020, to July 15, 2020. In addition, any related income tax payments due April 15, 2020, regardless of amount, are postponed until July 15, 2020. An extension is not required to be filed under this automatic deferral. Returns not filed by July 15, 2020, will require an extension to be filed.
Payment of your first and second quarter 2020 estimated taxes due April 15th has also been moved to July 15th.
Many states have also announced similar relief plans in place.
Be assured we are working diligently to complete and process your returns as quickly as we can.
We will continue to have the following options for tax return processing:
Electronic: You may send us your documents electronically using Sharefile (we can provide you with a link) and you may continue to sign electronically via Right Signature or by uploading your signed Form 8879 IRS e-file Signature Authorization. We ask that these not be emailed directly since they contain sensitive taxpayer information. Faxing is also an option.
Paper: You may mail in your documents to our office and you can also have the Form 8879 mailed to you for signature and returned to our office.
Thank you for your understanding and trust during this time. Our dedication to you and our community is steadfast. Stay home for Nevada. Be safe.
Please don’t hesitate to contact us if you have further questions.